Visual glossary of French, Russian and English terms relating to fashion used in Eugene Onegin.
Boa (Боа): a French term, indicating a collar or scarf traditionally made from fur or fabric (8, XXX, 199).
Bolivar: a popular style of top hat, often black in color; identified by a wide brim and smaller cylindrical top portion (1, XIII-XIV, 10).
Breguet (Часы): a popular and stylish watch brand, often worn by London 'dandies' (1, XIII-XIV, 10).
Dandy: a gentleman that considers his appearance particularly important; often referring to a well-dressed, but self-absorbed man. His surly demeanor characterized a sort of rebellion against the lack of originality in the French fashions popular amongst Russian elites (1, IV, 6), (1, XXIV, 15), (7, XXIII, 167), (7, XLIX, 179).
Fop: similar to a dandy; a gentlemen excessively concerned with his appearance (5, XXVI, 121).
Frock (Фрак): a large outer garment or smock (1, XXVI, 16).
Fur Coat (Шуба): a Russian term describing an entire coat made of fur (1, XXII, 14).
Gilet (Жилет): a waistcoat typically buttoned over a shirt (1, XXVI, 16), (7, LI, 180).
Lorgnette (Лорнет): a pair of glasses connected to a long handle, used by spectators to view theatre or opera productions. During the XIX century, 'Lorgnette theatre culture' was a French term that described the prevelance of theatre and opera in society (1, XXI, 13), (7, L, 180) (7, LI, 180).
Ливрея: a Russian term to describe the official clothing for men of the tsar (8, XXX, 199).
Pantaloons (Панталоны): a form of men’s trousers, often very fitted to the hips and legs (1, XXVI, 16).
Sash (Кушак): a long piece or band of fabric wrapped around the waist; usually made from lighter materials (e.g. silk) (5, II, 109).
Shlafor (Шлафор): a French term referencing a cap, often worn as part of traditional Russian headwear (2, XXXIII, 51).
Shoes of the People of Nature (Лапти): traditional Russian footwear, most frequently worn by the peasantry (7, VII, 160).
Toilette (Туалет): the process of dressing in fashionable or stylish clothing (1, XXVI, 16).
Vulgar: in reference to the ordinary people in society, or the masses (8, XV, 192).
Халат: a robe or shlafrock (шлафрок) often worn with a шлафор, used to represent a vision of home life (2, XXXIV, 51), (6, XXXVIII, 150).